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Hosting - The Basics

There are four primary elements to your website:

A domain name

The name you buy and want to use for your website(s).

A registrar

Sells the domain to you and provides domain management.

A host

Who provided space on their server for your website.

A website

Which you build and then place on your hosts server.


There a many kinds of hosting - Shared server, dedicated server, cloud server, etc, etc . . . .

For small to medium sites all you need is a shared server hosting package.

It provides all you need at a modest cost. You can always upgrade in the future if needed.

TSOs basic package is a good example - You can host 3 of your websites, you will be allocated

15 GB of space (enough for very big sites, like using an artic to collect your weekly shopping).

You can have up to 100 eMail accounts, unlimited bandwidth (simultaneous customer traffic) and

100,000 page-views a month by visitors.


The one limitation that all, but a dedicated server package, have is a restriction of media on

your site. That is putting sound or videos on your site to be enjoyed or downloaded.

So if you need something standard, to start you off - a shared hosting package is fine.

At some time in the future your site may be so popular and busy that you need more resources.

Your hosting provider will probably let you know.

If your site is getting that busy they will be aware, and will advise you to upgrade.

  But that may be years ahead.

And if it is not - you will find them very helpful and quick to act.  It is in their interests - if

one site, on one of their servers, is taking the lions share of the resources they need to ensure

you have the resources your site needs and that other sites on that server are ok.


A SSL certificate for your site could be useful or important.

There are a vast array of choices - but primarily it's free or paid.

A free one, a DV SSL, has to be re-issued every 90 days,

A paid one, OV SSL or EV SSL, lasts a maximum of 2 years.

Some hosting providers (such as TSO) provide a free one from a third party.

These free ones are provided by a third-party, such as "Let's Encrypt", "Commodo SSL", etc, and will

renew automatically.  What I have noticed is that there can sometimes be a gap in that process and

some of my out-going emails end up in the recipients "Junk Mail Box" instead of their "In Box".


If your website relies on a "HTPPS" status and/or you intend to take on-line payments

you WILL need an OV SSL (Organisation Validated) or a EV SSL (Extended Validation)  certificate - not merely a DV SSL (Domain Validated) certificate.

Because you need to safeguard your customers security.

And let them know you can be trusted.

You must get some independent advice if you think you NEED a security certificate.

I hope this has helped - I did say this is the basics.

A book could easily be written here, and then some.

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